Published on: Nov 21, 2018
Through a publication in EPJ Data Science, we have released several new data sets of different types. These datasets can be found on Zenodo.
On the one hand, we have released new temporally resolved data on face-to-face interactions collected in
- the SFHH scientific conference held in 2009, with more than 400 participants to the data collection, a data set that we have already used in several publications such as “Simulation of an SEIR infectious disease model on the dynamic contact network of conference attendees”
- an office building (InVS, French Health observatory) in 2015 (following a first data collection performed in 2013, published here). This data set contains also metadata, i.e., to which department each individual belongs.
In addition, we release data sets describing the temporally resolved co-location of individuals, where co-location of two individuals at time t means that the same exact set of readers have received signals from both individuals at time t. Data can be found on our website or on Zenodo.
Obviously, the co-location data corresponds to a coarser spatial resolution than the face-to-face data, and we have compared the corresponding data in terms of structure and when used in data-driven simulations of disease propagation models in our paper.
Published on: Sep 10, 2018
After so many measurements concerning humans in different contexts (which we will continue measuring), SocioPatterns has partnered with different institutions to measure proximity networks of animals, ranging from free-roaming dogs to sheep and cows. The goals of the studies range from the study of social networks of animals to the development of better models of disease transmission in animal groups.
Published on: Feb 2, 2017
In order to fight and mitigate emerging epidemics, non-pharmaceutical interventions can become necessary. Among these, school closure is typically regarded as a viable mitigation strategy: children indeed are known to play an important role in the propagation of infectious diseases, due to their high rate of contacts at school.
School closure is however a costly measure whose applicability remains uncertain and whose implementation should carefully be weighed on the basis of cost-benefit considerations.
In two successive studies published in BMC Infectious Diseases, we have used high resolution data on the contact patterns of children that we collected in a primary school,(i) to define and investigate alternative, less costly mitigation measures such as the targeted and reactive closure of single classes whenever symptomatic children are detected, at the scale of a single school and (ii) to evaluate the effectiveness of several such gradual reactive school closure strategies at the scale of entire municipalities.
Our results highlight a potential beneficial effect of reactive gradual school closure policies in mitigating influenza spread. Moreover, the suggested strategies are solely based on routinely collected and easily accessible data (such as student absenteeism irrespective) and thus they appear to be applicable in real world situations.
Mitigation of infectious disease at school: targeted class closure vs school closure
Published on: Nov 13, 2015
We have published a new paper in Nature Communications. In this paper, we consider the issue of how to correctly inform numerical models of the propagation of infectious diseases when only partial information on the contacts of individuals is available, due to population sampling.
Indeed, the coverage of the population in many measures of detailed contact networks is incomplete, and this yields a systematic underestimation of epidemic risk if the data is used without precaution. Here, we introduce a method to compensate for this systematic bias and obtain accurate evaluations of epidemic risk using incomplete data. To this aim, we have developed an algorithm that effectively fills in the gaps of the empirical data with a realistic picture of the missing contact network. Although the obtained surrogate contacts are different from the actual missing contacts, using them in the simulation of an influenza-like process gives an accurate estimation of what would have been obtained on using complete data. It is therefore possible to have a good estimation of the epidemic risk, even if a substantial fraction of the contacts are missing from the empirical data.
Published on: Sep 3, 2015
We have just published a new paper in PLoS ONE. In this paper, we present a detailed comparison between various types of data describing contacts and relationships between students in a high school: data collected from wearable sensors, data from contact diaries and data from surveys in which students were asked to name their friends.
We release all the corresponding data both in the Supplementary Information of the paper and in the SocioPatterns page dedicated to data.