DEPLOYMENT: LSS at ESWC ’10
The mission of the Extended Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2010) is to bring together researchers and practioners dealing with different aspects of semantics on the Web. ESWC2010 builds on the success of the former European Semantic Web Conference series, but seeks to extend its focus by engaging with other communities within and outside ICT, in which semantics can play an important role. At the same time, ESWC2010 is a truly international conference. [source: ESWC 2010 website]
This deployment was the third performed in the context of the Live Social Semantics (LSS) project. The first LSS deployment took place the previous edition of the same conference at the same venue. This deployment consequently provided us with a unique opportunity to compare the results of this deployment with the one of the previous year.
One of the differences in the system with respect to the previous year was that we added Twitter to the online social systems LSS took into consideration, but removed Flickr, Delicious and LastM. We also designed and developed a new web-interface that was simpler, more user friendly, and integrated more closely with Facebook through the use of newly available APIs.
You can find more information on the research objectives and methods of this deployment on the Live Social Semantics project page.
New data sets published: co-presence and face-to-face contacts
Through a publication in EPJ Data Science, we have released several new data sets of different types. These datasets can be found on Zenodo.
On the one hand, we have released new temporally resolved data on face-to-face interactions collected in
In addition, we release data sets describing the temporally resolved co-location of individuals, where co-location of two individuals at time t means that the same exact set of readers have received signals from both individuals at time t. Data can be found on our website or on Zenodo.
Obviously, the co-location data corresponds to a coarser spatial resolution than the face-to-face data, and we have compared the corresponding data in terms of structure and when used in data-driven simulations of disease propagation models in our paper.
SocioPatterns: measuring animal proximity networks
After so many measurements concerning humans in different contexts (which we will continue measuring), SocioPatterns has partnered with different institutions to measure proximity networks of animals, ranging from free-roaming dogs to sheep and cows. The goals of the studies range from the study of social networks of animals to the development of better models of disease transmission in animal groups.
School closures to mitigate influenza spread: two studies based on SocioPatterns data
In order to fight and mitigate emerging epidemics, non-pharmaceutical interventions can become necessary. Among these, school closure is typically regarded as a viable mitigation strategy: children indeed are known to play an important role in the propagation of infectious diseases, due to their high rate of contacts at school.
School closure is however a costly measure whose applicability remains uncertain and whose implementation should carefully be weighed on the basis of cost-benefit considerations.
In two successive studies published in BMC Infectious Diseases, we have used high resolution data on the contact patterns of children that we collected in a primary school,(i) to define and investigate alternative, less costly mitigation measures such as the targeted and reactive closure of single classes whenever symptomatic children are detected, at the scale of a single school and (ii) to evaluate the effectiveness of several such gradual reactive school closure strategies at the scale of entire municipalities.
Our results highlight a potential beneficial effect of reactive gradual school closure policies in mitigating influenza spread. Moreover, the suggested strategies are solely based on routinely collected and easily accessible data (such as student absenteeism irrespective) and thus they appear to be applicable in real world situations.
Mitigation of infectious disease at school: targeted class closure vs school closure
School closure policies at municipality level for mitigating influenza spread: a model-based evaluation